Readers need to understand how the information was gathered or generated in a way that is consistent with research practices in a field of study. For instance, if you are using a multiple choice survey, the readers need to know which questionnaire items you have examined in your primary quantitative research. Similarly, if your academic article involves secondary data from FED or Eurostat it is important to mention the variables used in your study, their values, and their time-frame.
For primary research, that involve surveys, experiments or observations, for a valuable academic article, Authors should provide information about:. In most cases, there is a wide variety of methods and procedures that you can use to explore a research topic in your academic article. The methods section should fully explain the reasons for choosing a specific methodology or technique. For secondary research methods, describe how the data was originally created, gathered and which institution created and published it.
For this aspect that characterizes a good research methodology, indicate how the research approach fits with the general study , considering the literature review outline and format , and the following sections.
A common limitation of academic articles found in research papers is that the premises of the methodology are not backed by reasons on how they help achieve the aims of the article. Data Analysis Methods This section should also focus on information on how you intend to analyze your results.
Describe how you plan and intend to achieve an accurate assessment of the hypotheses, relationships, patterns, trends, distributions associated with your data and research purpose.
The data type, how it was measured, and which statistical tests were conducted and performed, should be detailed and reported in an accurate manner. There are certain aspects that you need to pay extra attention in relation to your research methodology section. The most common issues to avoid are:. This blog series focuses on useful academic writing tips.
Besides this, the researcher will also examine the phenomenon through observations in numerical representations and through statistical analysis. Along with questionnaires that will be given out to respondents for the statistical representation of the findings in the study, interviews with the respondents and a few experts in this field will also be conducted. Sampling Method The research sampling method that will be used in this study is random sampling to obtain a more scientific result that could be used to represent the entirety of the population.
From 20 barangays, 3 will be picked through random sampling. The health care facilities and institutions in these three barangays will then be the target sources of respondents of the researcher. The health care facilities and institutions will be contacted to obtain a verbal consent to administer the questionnaire to mothers at their places.
A letter of consent will also be sent to them along with a sample copy of the questionnaire that will be used, as well as the protocol of the researcher. A letter was also addressed to the City Health Officer to obtain endorsement and consent to conduct a research in selected barangays and distribute questionnaires to the mothers in the vicinity. The randomly sampled respondents will be asked by the researcher for consent and approval to answer the questionnaire until the desired number of respondents which is is reached.
Questionnaire The questionnaire requires information about the socio-economic and demographic background of the mother. The description of the type of infant formula given by formula and mixed feeding mothers will also be asked in the material. Conclusion Majority of the mothers formula feed their child and only a minority exclusively breastfeeds their children, especially as per recommendation of the World Health Organization. While majority of the mothers in this study showed a positive attitude towards breastfeeding, most of them decided only to formula feed due to the reasons of insufficient milk supply and work.
Majority of the mothers that served as respondents in this study fall under the age range of years old. More than half of them were also college graduates while a significant number are undergraduates and have only reached until high school. Most of the mothers are housewives and the others remaining have full-time jobs, part-time jobs and self-employed. A few of them are still students. While majority of them were married, a lot were still in a status of live-in and are single.
More than half of the mothers did not have previous children before the current one. Majority of the respondents also have an annual gross household income that does not exceed P50, If you have a questionnaire you need to specify which type of questions did you use, who your respondents were and how did you distribute it.
Though we live in the information age, not all information is available on-line. So, when you are doing a research paper on history a visit to an archive will provide you with unique material for analysis. Data collecting methodology also includes the explanation of your choice of sources.
For instance, that the authors held different views on the same issue because of their different professional background. P rof E ssays. Though essay methodology examples are easily accessible on-line, copying it from the web is not a way out and might create a problem.
By using P rof E ssays. We employ only well qualified professionals to prepare content for our clients. All content is thoroughly checked for plagiarized material. At P rof E ssays. Our professional writers write all content from scratch, including a custom written methodology for you. We will ensure all of this while helping you with an essay methodology example. We offer fast turnaround time, i. Our round the clock support team will always be available to help you complete your assignment in time.
We are ready to help you with methodology in any essay, be it UK custom essays , thematic essay or Harvard admission essay writing. Data analysis methods may be divided into quantitative and qualitative. For instance you may either conduct a number of interviews for quantitative analysis, or have just a couple of them for case studies. Quantitative methods are used when you can rely on some reliable statistics.
Mostly these are used in the essays connected with economics, where descriptive method can be applied. Quantitative methods are also widely used in social sciences and humanities. Content analysis is a popular quantitative method used in philology, political science and history. Due to content analysis you may count how often certain topics are connected together in speeches of politics, and arrive at some interesting conclusion.
Qualitative methods are widely used in different research areas.
Writing Methodology at the Core of the Research Paper A well laid out and logical methodology section will provide a solid backbone for the entire research paper, and will lead to a strong results section.
The methods section of a research paper provides the information by which a study's validity is judged. Therefore, it requires a clear and precise description of how an experiment was done, and the rationale for why specific experimental procedures were .
"How to Write the Methods Section of a Research Paper." Respiratory Care 49 (October ): Importance of a Good Methodology Section You must explain how you obtained and analyzed your results for the following reasons: Readers need to know how the data was obtained because the method you chose affects the results and, by . This article is part of an ongoing series on academic writing help of scholarly articles. Previous parts explored how to write an introduction for a research paper and a literature review outline and format.. The Methodology section portrays the reasoning for the application of certain techniques and methods in the context of the study.. For your .
Ensure you write the methodology section in past tense when submitting your final paper. Identify Your Research Paradigm Specify whether you used a quantitative approach to measure data, a qualitative approach to describe phenomenon or both methods to frame your study. HOW TO WRITE A WORLD CLASS METHODOLOGY PAPER Elsevier Author Workshop Date Title Presenter Name, Full Length Methodology Research Letters / Rapid Communications / Short Communications Case Studies Review Papers • Self-evaluate your work: Is it sufficient for a full article? Or are your.